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subir

Contributor
birpara
West Bengal
India

  Joined: Dec 10, 2008
  Posts: 1
  Status: Offline


Starting Dairy Cow Farming
   

I want to start dairy farming with cross-breed Holstein & jersey cow of 10 (to start with and gradually to increase the number) numbers. I have 5 acre of land with orrigation facilities, where I can grow green fodder. Climate in my area is extreame (10km from Bhutan) with summer temperature goes as high as 30-35C and winter temperature 5~6C. Electricity is avaiable in my village.

Please let me know the following information:
1) Whether exotic variety Holstein & jersey cow is available in India? What is the nearby area ( near Bhutan) where these cows could be bought?- How much a pure Holstein & jersey may cost each? How i will understan about pure Holstein & jersey cow.
2) How much milk a cross-breed Holstein & jersey give? How much milk an exotic variety of Holstein & jersey cow give?

3) I came to know that milking by milking machine gives 20% additional milk. Also milking 3 times a day in 8 hours interval, increases milk yield by 30%. Please let me know whether same is true with cross breed Holstein & jersey cow.

4) Does cooling arrangement (fan with mist spray) during summer help increase milk yield for cross breed Holstein & jersey cow? Whether increase in milk-yield is remunerative compared to the associated cost of cooling arrangement?

5) What should be the minimum herd strength to make economical and remunerative Dairy Farm? How much it would cost me to build a shed (low cost building) suitable for such farm? How much should be the covered area per cow? what  about flooring? Should it paka?


6) I came to know that green fodder could substantially reduce the cost of concentrate, thereby reduce the cost of milk production. What sort of green fodder (both leguminous and non-leguminous) can be cultivated round the year in our area? Climatic condition in my village is extreme, with temperature in summer goes as high as 30º ~35ºC and in winter it goes down to 6º ~7ºC. Rainfall is good.

7) How much dry-fodder, green-fodder and concentrate should be given to a milking cow?

8) What sort of concentrate should be fed? What it should contain? In other words how to make home made concentrate to beat the cost?

9) What about mineral mix? How to prepare it?

10) I want to do retail marketing of milk through poly-pack in my area.  Is it required to be pasteurized before packing?

11) Do I need a chiller to preserve milk from going off? What size do you recommend and how much it would cost?

12) What cow should I purchase, namely Dry pregnant or Milking but pregnant?
13) Which one is good so far milk is yield is concerned- Freestall or Tie-stall?


Looking forward to your help and assistance in this regard,

Cordially yours,
subir sarkar , 9434340978


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[Edit 1 times, last edit by subir at Dec 10, 2008 6:41:52 PM]
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baramati

Certifed Expert
Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
India

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  Joined: Dec 1, 2003
  Posts: 15632
  Status: Offline

  Expert Name: Dr. D.P.Bhoite
Phone Number: 02112-255207


Re: Starting Dairy Cow Farming
   

In India,Both breeds i.e.Jersey and Holstein frisean are avaialble in various parts of atates like Uttarpradesh,West Bengal,Uttaranchal,Himachal Pradesh,Assam ,haryana ,Maharashtra etc.Only thing is that ,these breeds can not survive in pure breed form,so whatever breeds vailable ,that are in cross bred form.It is the result of veterinary tecn\hniciana and animal breeding specialist who implemented Artificial insemination techiniques to improve local breeds with concern to milk production.For buying these breeds you may either approach to local veterinarian in your area for seeking information on breed availability or also approach to regional agricultural university for details.
During lactation holstein crosses are giving milk 3500 litres per lactation in India as compaired to 7000 litres in Netherlands & Jersey gives 3000 litres in India as compaired to 6000 litres in England.
Milkin with milking machine will be helpful for complete milking within time and avoids mistakes of hand milking.And the point you mentioned for milking thre times in day also increases volume of milk for crossbred animals.In temperate climate or where the average temperature is not high as 40-50 degree celcius,there is no need to having mist or foggers in cattle sheds.It is needed in hot climatic condition like Rajasthan,Maharashtra or countries like Israel.
For economical vaibility of dairy in your srae it is better to approach to veterinary experts as well as agriculture economists in your area.
Regarding type of shed,Greeen and dry fodder management,management of dry and pregant cows as well as its economics,it is beetr you to take training on catttle management in your state or area.So for that ,you may approach to following address:-
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Burdwan
Central Research Institute for Jute & Allied Fibres
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Bud Bud, Burdwan - 713 403
Ph: 0343 251 3651/Fax: 0343 2512007/2004/033 25350415
e-mail: kvkburdwan@gmail.com, kvkburdwan@rediffmail.com
http://www.kvkcrijaf.org/the_kvk_family.html

 

[Above information is based on recommendations from National Agriculture Research System. The Effectiveness of the recommendations varies from place to place with changes in natural resource and climate. Farmers are advised to use the information on their own responsibility. KVK Baramati shall not be responsible for any consequences.]   

 


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[Edit 1 times, last edit by baramati at Dec 12, 2008 5:27:41 PM]
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vup52

10+ Contributor
A-1 devang complex, nashik
Maharashtra
India

  Joined: Oct 25, 2008
  Posts: 18
  Status: Offline


Re: Starting Dairy Cow Farming
   
many of your querries are answered in first reply. you have not mentiotned about your background. but if you go through any book on dairy most of your technical questioned will be answered.some suggestions are as
-you better go for Jersey cross-bred cows, as you want to distribute milk in locality.
- unit of 10 cows will be viable unit.
-the average cost of cow wii be 25000 -30000/ & milk production 10 lits/day.
- you need not pasteurise milk as you are to distribute in local area.
-to start with it is better if you start with freshly calved cows in 2nd or 3rd lactation.

vijay patil. 9921552177
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baramati

Certifed Expert
Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
India

Member's Photo

  Joined: Dec 1, 2003
  Posts: 15632
  Status: Offline

  Expert Name: Dr. D.P.Bhoite
Phone Number: 02112-255207


Re: Starting Dairy Cow Farming
   
Thank you.
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