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samel_snacks

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Vangani
Maharashtra
India

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bahar
   
What is hasta and mrig bahar in fruit crops?
[Oct 29, 2007 9:04:16 PM] Print Post    Weather Info    Email is hidden to Guest Report threaten post: please login first  Go to top 

baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
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Re: bahar
   
Bahar Treatment -

- Fruit crops like pomegranate flowers continuously when watered regularly. The plants under such conditions may continue bearing flowers and bear small crop irregularly at different period of the year, which may not be desirable commercially.

- To avoid this trees are given bahar treatment. In this treatment, the irrigation is withheld two months prior to the bahar followed by light earthing up in the basin. This facilitates the shedding of leaves.

- The trees are then medium pruned 40-45 days after withholding irrigation. The recommended doses of fertilizers are applied immediately after pruning and irrigation is resumed. This leads to profuse flowering and fruiting. The fruits are ready for harvest 4-5 months after flowering.

- In tropical condition, there are three flowering seasons, viz., January-February (ambia bahar) June-July (mrig bahar) and September-October (hasta bahar). The choice of flowering/fruiting is regulated taking into consideration the availability of irrigation water, market demand and pest/disease incidence in a given locality.

1. Ambia bahar -
The fruits of ambia bahar are ready for harvest in the month of June to September. As the fruit development takes place during dry months, they develop an attractive colour and quality thus suitable for exports. Similarly due to dry weather, the incidences of pest and disease attack are limited. However, ambia bahar can be taken only areas having assured irrigation facilities.

2. Mrig bahar -
The mrig bahar crop is harvested in the month of December to February. Usually this bahar is favoured as the flowering and fruiting period coincides with rainy season or immediately after rains, and the crop is taken with out much irrigation. As the fruits develop during the rainy season and mature during winter, the colour and sweetness of the fruit is affected.

3. Hasta bahar -
The fruits from hasta bahar are harvested during the month of March to April. They have very attractive rind with dark coloured arils. Since the availability of the fruits during this season is limited, they fetch high value. Optimum water stress cannot be developed during this period as withholding of irrigation coincides with the rainy season. This leads to poor flowering and thus affects the yield.
[Oct 31, 2007 11:28:45 AM] Print Post    Weather Info Report threaten post: please login first  Go to top 

samel_snacks

125+ Contributor
Vangani
Maharashtra
India

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Re: bahar
   
Thank you very much for this detailed reply
[Oct 31, 2007 2:45:19 PM] Print Post    Weather Info    Email is hidden to Guest Report threaten post: please login first  Go to top 

baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
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  Expert Name: Mr.S.V.Potekar
Phone Number: 02112-255207


Re: bahar
   
You are always welcome.
[Oct 31, 2007 3:01:53 PM] Print Post    Weather Info Report threaten post: please login first  Go to top 



 

    
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