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rigvinod

60+ Contributor
Vandre
Maharashtra
India

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olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   
Grapes, oranges and olives are cultivated in California and grapes and oranges in Maharashtra. So I guess olives can find a home here too! I had asked this question in agricultureinformation.com and Yuval Chen, an international Olive cultivation expert, had said that it is possible. He suggested new management techniques, certain new varieties and large scale cultivation.

Olive is a hardy tree that survives and produces fruit even with considerable neglect! My view is that olives would provide diversification and insurance for the grape and orange cultivators of Maharashtra. Olives will be used in the Indian kitchen similar to the black olives on pizza toppings. I do not expect olive oil to replace other edible oils in India. Neither do I expect export potential for olives from India. I feel that olives specialized for direct consumption (black olives for pizza toppings) would be the better choice and not the ones for oil extraction. More over, the strains should be suited for the Indian climate, soil, and labour. We may not want olive trees that are suitable for automated harvesting.

I submit this idea to KVK Baramati.
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[May 26, 2006 11:14:09 AM] Print Post Report threaten post: please login first  Go to top 

baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
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  Expert Name: Mr.Prasad Kaledhonkar
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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   
Thank you for your reply.
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raghupon

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Jayanagar
Karnataka
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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   
Hello,

This is very exciting. I want to know where we can get Olive tree seeds or are there any nurseries/agriculture universities supplying olive trees in India. I also strongly believe that Olive tree can grow in India. India, Greek and other Mediterranean countries share same type of tropical whether. I heard that olive can grow in dry lands also. Some of the Olive varieties can yield in 5-6 years.

Thanks.

Raghu
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rigvinod

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Vandre
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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   

Recently in (removed) Mr Gs Guraya posted a writeup on Olive tree cultivation. Mr Guraya is located in Rajasthan. (removed) 

Our questions have been posted on that website. Let us hear what Mr Guraya can do for Olive cultivation in India. Some anwsers are available from an earlier posting (removed)

 


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[Edit 5 times, last edit by bahuman at Sep 3, 2011 11:11:34 AM]
[Aug 7, 2007 1:44:59 PM] Print Post Report threaten post: please login first  Go to top 

gsguraya

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Partar ganj
Delhi
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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   

Dear Sir

High profitable olive (jaitun) plants are available for sale.

 Plant : 110 plants are planted in 1 acers. Fruits: fruiting will come after 6 th year.

 Per plant will give 30 kg of fruits from 6th year and will reach upto 150 kgs after 12 year.

Buyback : supported buyback rates Rs 30/- per kgs.

 Income : 110 plants x 30 Kg= 3300 kgs of fruits in a 1 acer land. 3300kg x Rs.30/- =Rs.99000.00 in a year after 6th year and Rs.4,95,000/- after 12 year.

We Supply also Abundant supply of 8" to 9" tall healthy ALOEVERA nursery plants at 60 paise each.

Produce Export Quality vermi compost with high effectiveness worms (Icenia). Mature worms available for sale at Rs.60 per kg

 


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gsguraya

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Partar ganj
Delhi
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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   

Dear Mr Vinod Kumar

 thanks for your kind inq i reply questions ans one by one

 1) Can you supply Olive saplings anywhere in India? Q Vinod kumar

 ans) Yes we suply olive plant all over india.

 2) What varieties do you have? Will you offer different varieties depending on the location (Pune, Maharshtra Mysore, Karnataka etc) or on usage (for oil or for food toppings) ? Q Vinod Kumar

 ans)we have 2 varieties. gcy 1 spascily for oil thay oil contain 20% to 22% small size fruit, gcy 2 , low oil contain 13% to 18 % big fruit suitable for table pickales and oil, you grow any whare in india temp not less then -5 to +52* any kind of poor to poor soil ph not less than 5.5 ph and not high then 8.5 ph if ph high then 9 you use zypsam per year 5 to 10 kg per plant. less water reqairment you see only one thing if water loging the plant will be damage.

 3) Are these varieties specially developed in Israel or Australia (imported?) or traditional varieties from your nursery?

ans) these varieties we cross our self in cyprus europ after that we grow in indian invorment gcy 1 is start fruiting 3rd year but near about 5 to 10 kg gcy 2 start fruiting 5 th year but must importent for good production cross polination so minimum 10 % plant gcy 2 also.

 4) Is there any Olive cultivation promotional scheme (administered by NABARD for example) associated with your nursery? Will there be any subsidy or buy back arrangements?

ans ) i dont know about promotional scheme administered by NABARD . buy back arrangements we have. if you have any question you ask me any time.

 Best Regards

GS Guraya

(removed)



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gsguraya

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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   

OLIVE

Olea europaea L.
Oleaceae
Common Name: Olive.
Related Species: Wild Olive (Olea africana), Oleaster (O. europaea var. oleaster).
Distant Affinity: American Olive (Osmanthus americana), Fragrant Olive (O. fragrans).

Commercial Potential: Commercial olive production is a multimillion dollar business in California. In the Mediterranean region olives and olive oil are common ingredients of everyday foods. Raw olives are sometimes sold in speciality produce stores, and home growers in California often sell their excess crop to others interested in home curing. There is also a growing interest in specialty olive oils, often produced commercially from small groves of olive trees.


Origin: The olive is native to the Mediterranean region, tropical and central Asia and various parts of Africa. The olive has a history almost as long as that of Western civilization, its development being one of civilized man's first accomplishments. At a site in Spain, carbon-dating has shown olive seed found there to be eight thousand years old. O. europaea may have been cultivated independently in two places, Crete and Syria. Archeological evidence suggest that olives were being grown in Crete as long ago as 2,500 B.C. From Crete and Syria olives spread to Greece, Rome and other parts of the Mediterranean area. Olives are also grown commercially in California, Australia and South Africa. There is some disagreement over when the trees first appeared in California. Some say they were introduced in 1769 when seeds brought from Mexico were planted. Others site the date 1785 when trees were brought in to make olive oil.

Adaptation: The olive requires a long, hot growing season to properly ripen the fruit, no late spring frosts to kill the blossoms and sufficient winter chill to insure fruit set. Home grown olives generally fruit satisfactorily in the warmer coastal valleys of California. Virtually all U.S. commercial olive production is concentrated in California's Central Valley, with a small pocket of olive acreage outside Phoenix. The tree may be grown as an ornamental where winter temperatures do not drop below 12° F. Green fruit is damaged at about 28°, but ripe fruit will withstand somewhat lower temperatures. Hot, dry winds may be harmful during the period when the flowers are open and the young fruits are setting. The trees survive and fruit well even with considerable neglect. Olives can also be grown in a large container, and has even appeared in shows as a bonsai.

DESCRIPTION
Growth Habits: The olive is an evergreen tree growing to 50 ft. in height with a spread of about 30 ft. The tree can be kept to about 20 ft. with regular pruning. The graceful, billowing appearance of the olive tree can be rather attractive. In an all-green garden its grayish foliage serves as an interesting accent. The attractive, gnarled branching pattern is also quite distinctive. Olives are long-lived with a life expectancy of 500 years. The trees are also tenacious, easily sprouting back even when chopped to the ground.
Foliage: The olive's feather-shaped leaves grow opposite one another. Their skin is rich in tannin, giving the mature leaf its gray-green appearance. The leaves are replaced every two or three years, leaf-fall usually occurring at the same time new growth appears in the spring.


Flowers: The small, fragrant, cream-colored olive flowers are largely hidden by the evergreen leaves and grow on a long stem arising from the leaf axils. The olive produces two kinds of flowers: a perfect flower containing both male and female parts, and a staminate flower with stamens only. The flowers are largely wind pollinated with most olive varieties being self-pollinating, although fruit set is usually improved by cross pollination with other varieties. There are self-incompatible varieties that do not set fruit without other varieties nearby, and there are varieties that are incompatible with certain others. Incompatibility can also occur for environmental reasons such as high temperatures.

Fruit: The olive fruit is a green drupe, becoming generally blackish-purple when fully ripe. A few varieties are green when ripe and some turn a shade of copper brown. The cultivars vary considerably in size, shape, oil-content and flavor. The shapes range from almost round to oval or elongated with pointed ends. Raw olives contain an alkaloid that makes them bitter and unpalatable. A few varieties are sweet enough to be eaten after sun drying. Thinning the crop will give larger fruit size. This should be done as soon as possible after fruit set. Thin until remaining fruit average about 2 or 3 per foot of twig. The trees reach bearing age in about 4 years.

CULTURE
Location: Plant olive trees in full sun and away from sidewalks to avoid stains from fallen ripe fruit. Non-fruiting trees are available which can be planted in areas where fruit may be a problem. Strong winds will "sculpt" the trees, but otherwise they are quite wind-tolerant.
Soils: Olives will grow well on almost any well-drained soil up to pH 8.5 and are tolerant of mild saline conditions.

Irrigation: Irrigation is a necessity in California with its dry summers. A monthly deep watering of home grown trees is normally adequate. Because of its small leaves, with their protective cuticle and slow transpiration, the olive tree survives even extended dry periods.

Fertilization: Fertilizing olive trees with additional supplies of nitrogen has proved beneficial. In California farmers systematically apply fertilizers well ahead of the time flowers develop so the trees can absorb the nitrogen before fruit set. Many growers in Mediterranean countries apply organic fertilizers every other year.

Pruning: Proper pruning is important for the olive. Pruning both regulates production and shapes the tree for easier harvest. The trees can withstand radical pruning, so it is relatively easy to keep them at a desired height. The problem of alternate bearing can also be avoided with careful pruning every year. It should be kept in mind that the olive never bears fruit in the same place twice, and usually bears on the previous year's growth. For a single trunk, prune suckers and any branches growing below the point where branching is desired. For the gnarled effect of several trunks, stake out basal suckers and lower branches at the desired angle. Prune flowering branches in early summer to prevent olives from forming. Olive trees can also be pruned to espaliers.

Propagation: None of the cultivated varieties can be propagated by seed. Seed propagated trees revert to the original small-fruited wild variety. The seedlings can, of course, be grafted or chip budded with material from desired cultivars. The variety of an olive tree can also be changed by bark grafting or top working. Another method of propagation is transplanting suckers that grow at the base of mature trees. However, these would have to be grafted if the suckers grew from the seedling rootstock.

A commonly practiced method is propagation from cuttings. Twelve to fourteen inch long, one to three inch wide cuttings from the two year old wood of a mature tree is treated with a rooting hormone, planted in a light rooting medium and kept moist. Trees grown from such cuttings can be further grafted with wood from another cultivar. Cutting grown trees bear fruit in about four years.

Pests and diseases: The olive tree is affected by some pests and diseases, although it has fewer problems than most fruit trees. Around the Mediterranean the major pests are medfly and the olive fruit fly, Dacus oleae. In California, verticillium wilt is a serious fungal disease. There is no effective treatment other than avoiding planting on infested soils and removing damaged trees and branches. A bacterial disease known as olive knot is spread by pruning with infected tools during rainy months. Because the olive has fewer natural enemies than other crops, and because the oil in olives retains the odor of chemical treatments, the olive is one of the least sprayed crops.

Harvest: Olive fruits that are to be processed as green olives are picked while they are still green but have reached full size. They can also be picked for processing at any later stage up through full ripeness. Ripe olives bruise easily and should be handled with care. Mold is also a problem for the fruit between picking and curing. There are several classical ways of curing olives. A common method is the lye-cure process in which green or near-ripe olives are soaked in a series of lye solutions for a period of time to remove the bitter principle and then transferred to water and finally a mild saline solution. Other processing methods include water curing, salt curing and Greek-style curing. Explicit directions for various curing and marinating methods can be found in several publications including Maggie Blyth Klein's book, Feast of the Olives, and the University of California Agricultural Sciences Publications Leaflet 21131. Both green-cured and ripe-cured olives are popular as a relish or snack. For California canned commercial olives, black olives are identical to green olives. The black color is obtained by exposure to air after lye extraction and has nothing to do with ripeness. Home production of olive oil is not recommended. The equipment required and the sheer mass of fruit needed are beyond most households


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rigvinod

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Vandre
Maharashtra
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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   

Israeli firms eye olive farming in Maharashtra.

Business Standard, Wed Sep 26, 2007

Speaking to reporters here, Narayan Rane, Revenue Minister, said, “Israeli companies see climatic conditions in India especially in Maharashtra favourable for olive farming.”


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[Edit 1 times, last edit by rigvinod at Sep 26, 2007 10:59:57 AM]
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ashypeshy

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Tcy
Tamil Nadu
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Re: olive cultivation in Maharashtra
   
Y does Indian Politics show so much concern for us to grow Olives, when its so useful to life, wat they looking at enough Bribes from Companies willing to Purchase Rights ahaha...Politicians....never change ah.
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