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mohan_rao7

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Devanhalli
Karnataka
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Pomegranate Best Practices
   

I plan to grow Pomegranates over 3 Acres in my farm at Devanhalli, Bangalore North. Please suggest Best Practices and Trees per acre etc. Will North Bangalore be a good place for cultivation.

Thanks


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hitech3273

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jamkhed
Maharashtra
India

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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
for pomegranate plantation you first Please see following attachment for details on goat farming. Also consult with experts in Krishi Vigyan Kendra at your locality as situation of market ,market rate & demand is differ according to locality.

http://aaqua.persistent.co.in/aaqua/forum/getattachment?attach=6681

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if like these information dont forgot to say thanks
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[Above information is based on recommendations from National Agriculture Research System. The Effectiveness of the recommendations varies from place to place with changes in natural resource and climate. Farmers are advised to use the information on their own responsibility. hitech shall not be responsible for any consequences.]
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mohan_rao7

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Devanhalli
Karnataka
India

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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
Thanks , but the file is in Marathi. is it possible to get it in English ?

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hitech3273

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jamkhed
Maharashtra
India

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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
Sir, > Planting of pomegranate is to be done in light soils i.e. up to 45 cm depth. > Pomegranate planting is to be done at 4.5 x 3.0 m distance (i.e. 740 trees/ hectare) > The daily water requirement of Pomegranate is calculated on the basis of evaporation rate of the particular locality and the irrigation should be given through drip. If the drip irrigation facility is not available, then full grown tree of pomegranate are to be irrigated with flow irrigation at an interval of 8-10 days in summer, 13-14 days in rainy (in the absence of rains) and 17-18 days in winter seasons. > For protection of pomegranate crop against diseases and pests, adopt preventive measures as per recommendations given by the Agriculture Universities. > Soil drenching of 0.1 % carbendazin solution @ 5 liters per tree followed by soil application of 25 g Trichoderma + Pacelomyces + 5 kg FYM mixture per tree 2-3 months after carbendazin drenching. > Soil drenching of 0.1 carbendazim solution @ 10 liter per tree be done into two rows around wilted pomegranate trees and also increase the rate of Trichoderma + Pacelomyces application five times/tree, to avoid wilting of trees. > For growth of trichoderma in the soil, apply the FYM @ 2 kg / tree for every two months. > Soil application of neem cake @ 2 tonnes per hectare at the time of bahar treatment and after three months, apply 40 kg Phorate 10 G in the soil near collar region to control nematodas attack . > Paste application to the trunk of pomegranate plants with Lindane 0.05% or chloropyriphos 0.1% to be done for the control of shot hole borer. Geru @ 400 g/lit. of water be dissolved for overnight. Next day, add to it insecticides Lindane 20 EC 2.5 ml or chloropyriphos 20 EC 5 ml and copper oxychloride 2.5 gm per liter of water, make the slurry by agitation and apply to tree trunk (Swabbing) with the help of cloth made brush. Also drenching to be done with Lindane / chloropyriphos plus c.o.c as per above quantity @ 5 lit. per tree near root zone. > For control of stem borer insect, the insecticide fenvalerate 5ml/lit. or Dichlorvols 10 ml / lit. to be aaplied with the help of injection syringe in the holes of stem and plugged it with the help of mud. [Above information is based on recommendations from National Agriculture Research System. The Effectiveness of the recommendations varies from place to place with changes in natural resource and climate. Farmers are advised to use the information on their own responsibility. hitech shall not be responsible for any consequences.]
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[Edit 1 times, last edit by hitech3273 at Nov 13, 2011 10:10:45 AM]
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hitech3273

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jamkhed
Maharashtra
India

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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
The ‘Bhagawa’ variety of pomegranate presently under commercial cultivation known by different names viz. ‘Shendari’, ‘Ashtagandha’, ‘Mastani’, ‘Jai Maharashtra’, and ‘Red Daina’ in various districts of Maharashtra such as Solapur, Nashik, Sangli, Satara, Ahemadnagar, Pune and Dhule districts has been recommended for its cultivation by the Mahatma Phule Agriculture University, Rahuri.

Extensive survey work on pomegranate orchards indicated that the ‘Bhagawa’ variety of pomegranate is heavy yielder and possesses desirable fruit characters. This variety matures in 180-190 days with average yield of 30.38 kg fruits/tree. Bigger fruit size, sweet, bold and attractive arils, glossy, very attractive saffron coloured thick skin makes it suitable for distant markets. This variety was found less susceptible to fruit spots and thrips as compared to other varieties of pomegranate. Considering all these attributes, the ‘Bhagawa’ variety is recommended for its cultivation in pomegranate growing in regions of Maharashtra.


Salient features of ‘Bhagawa’

It fetches better market price which is 2-3 times higher than that of Ganesh.


Increasing demand for export markets particularly in United Kingdom, Holland, other European and gulf countries etc.


Fruits are very attractive, ‘Saffron’ coloured, smooth and glossy peel which is increasing its cosmetic value and market appearance of the fruits.


Fruits are with attractive sheds having cherry red coloured and bold arils, which are suitable for both table and processing purposes.


Fruits are suitable for long distant transport due to thick peel (Less weight loss, less possibility of damage due to bruises.)


Fruits have better keeping quality than other varieties ( 15 – 12 days at room temperatures).


Fruits are tolerant to thrips and mites whcih reduces the number of pesticidal sprays, which minimises cost of production.


Fruits are moderately susceptible to black spots.


Fruits are free from blackening of arils even in case of late harvesting of fruits up to 7-5 months, which reduces market value of fruits.


It has no incidence of cracking of fruits which is observed in other varieties viz. Ganesh, G-137 and Mridula which ranges from 10-15%.


There is no fruit drop observed in case of severe water shortage situations.


This variety gives high yield (30-40 kg/tree) in case of better management .


It is comparatively late for harvesting but due to less expenses on plant protection measures and better market prices realized, it is more remunerative than any other pomegranate cultivar.




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for more information Contact to your Taluka Agriculture Officer
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baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
Sir,
POMEGRANATE

INTRODUCTION
Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is one of the commercially important fruit crops of India. It is native to Iran (Persia).

Agro-climatic requirements-

Pomegranate grows well under semi-arid conditions and can be grown upto an altitude of 500 m. above m.s.l.. It thrives well under hot, dry summer and cold winter provided irrigation facilities are available. The tree requires hot and dry climate during fruit development and ripening. Pomegranate tree is deciduous in areas of low winter temperature and an evergreen or partially deciduous in tropical and sub-tropical conditions. It can tolerate frost to a considerable extent in dormant stage, but is injured at temperature below - 110 C.

Well drained, sandy loan to deep loamy or alluvial soils is suitable for cultivation.

Varieties Cultivated-

Important pomegranate varieties cultivated in India are Alandi or Vadki, Dholka, Kandhari, Kabul, Muskati Red, Paper Shelled, Spanish Ruby, Ganesh (GB I), G 137, P 23, P 26, Mridula, Aarakta, Jyoti, Ruby, IIHR Selection, Yercaud 1 and Co 1.


Land Preparation-

Land is prepared by ploughing, harrowing, leveling and removing weeds.

Planting

Planting Material-

Pomegranate is propagated vegetatively by cuttings, air layering or gootee.

Planting season-

Air layering is usually done during the rainy season and also in November-December. Planting is usually done in spring (February-March) and July-August in sub-tropical and tropical regions respectively.

Spacing-

High density planting is adopted in temperate regions. A spacing of 5-6 m. in northern India and also in the plains of Deccan plateau is usually followed. High density planting with a spacing gives 2-2.5 times more yield than that obtained when the normal planting distance of 5 X 5 m. is adopted. Farmers have adopted a spacing of 2.5 X 4.5 m. Closer spacing increases disease and pest incidence.

Planting Method-

Square system of planting is mostly adopted. Planting distance is decided on the basis of soil type and climate. A spacing of 4-5 m. on marginal and very light soils is recommended.

Pits of 60 X 60 X 60 cm. size are dug (at a spacing of 5 cm. in square system) about a month prior to planting and kept open under the sun for a fortnight. About 50 g. of 5% BHC or carbaryl dust is dusted on the bottom and sides of the pits as a pre-caution against termites. The pits are filled with top soil mixed with 20 kg. farmyard manure and 1 kg. super phosphate. After filling the pit, watering is done to allow soil to settle down. Cuttings/air layers are then planted and staked. Irrigation is provided immediately after planting.

Nutrition-

The recommended fertilizer dose is 600-700 g. N, 200-250 g. P2O5 and 200-250 g. K2O /tree/year. Application of 10 kg. farmyard manure and 75 g. ammonium sulphate to 5 year old tree annually is adequate , whereas application of 50 kg. farmyard manure and 3.5 kg. oil cake or 1 kg. sulphate of ammonia prior to flowering is ideal for healthy growth and fruiting. The time of application is December/January for ambe bahar, May/June for Mrig bahar and October/November for hasthe bahar.

The basal dose of farmyard manure @ 25-40 cart-loads /ha. besides the recommended doses of N, P and K should be applied to non-bearing trees in 3 split doses coinciding with growth of flushes during January, June and September. Fruiting should be encouraged from fourth year onwards. Nitrogenous fertilizer is applied in two split doses starting at the time of first irrigation after bahar treatment and next at 3 weeks interval, whereas full dose of P and K should be applied at one time. These should be applied in a shallow circular trench below tree canopy not beyond a depth of 8-10 cm. After application, fertilizers are covered with top soil and irrigated.

Irrigation-

First irrigation is provided in case of mrig bahar crop in the middle of May followed by regular irrigation till the monsoon sets in. Weekly irrigation in summers and that during winters at fortnightly intervals is recommended. The check basin system of irrigation is usually followed.

Drip Irrigation-

The average annual water requirement through drip irrigation is 20 cm. Drip irrigation helps to save 44% on irrigation and 64% when sugarcane trash mulch is used. It also helps to increase the yield by 30-35%.

Training-

Plants are trained on a single stem or in multi-stem system. Since the crops trained on single stem training system are more susceptible to pests viz. stem borer and shoot hole borer, the other system is more prevalent in the country.

Pruning-

Pruning is not much required except for removal of ground suckers , water shoots, cross branches , dead and diseased twigs and also to give shape to the tree. A little thinning and pruning of old spurs is done to encourage growth of new ones.

Inter-cropping-

Inter-cropping with low growing vegetables, pulses or green manure crops is beneficial. In arid regions, inter-cropping is possible only during the rainy season, whereas winter vegetables are feasible in irrigated areas.

Regulation of bearing-

Pomegranate plants flower and provide fruits throughout the year in central and southern India. Depending on patterns of precipitation, flowering can be induced during June-July (mrig bahar), September-October (hasta bahar) and January-February (ambe bahar). In areas having assured rainfall where precipitation is normally received in June and continues upto September, flowering in June is advantageous; where monsoon normally starts in August, flowering during August is beneficial. Areas having assured irrigation potential during April-May, flowering during January can be taken and where monsoon starts early and withdraws by September induction of flowering in October is possible. Considering comparable yields, prices and irrigation needs it is recommended that October cropping could be substituted for January flowering.

Plant Protection Measures-

Insect Pests-

Insect pests mostly observed are fruit borer, mealy bugs, aphids, white fly and fruit sucking moths. Spraying with dimethoate , deltamethrin or malathion etc. depending upon the type of pest infestation has been found to be effective in most cases.

Diseases-

The main diseases reported are leaf spot and fruit rot. Application of Mancozeb (2g./l.) during rainy season in case of the former and application of Kavach (2g./l) and Carbendazim/Thiophanate methyl/Baycor/Benomyl (1g./l.) during September/October in case of the latter has been found to be effective in most cases.

Disorders-

Fruit cracking is a serious disorder. This physiological disorder observed in young fruits is due to boron deficiency and that in fully grown fruits is mainly due to moisture imbalances. Tolerant varieties viz. Bedana Bose and Khog may be cultivated and in other cases spraying with calcium hydroxide soon after fruit set has been found to be beneficial.

Harvesting and Yield-

Pomegranate being a non-climacteric fruit should be picked when fully ripe. Pomegranate plants take 4-5 years to come into bearing. Harvesting of immature or over mature fruits affects the quality of the fruits. The fruits become ready for picking 120-130 days after fruit set. The calyx at the distal end of the fruit gets closed on maturity. At maturity, the fruits turn yellowish-red and get suppressed on sides.


Nilesh Ghurde
KVK Baramati
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[Above information is based on recommendations from National Agriculture Research System. The Effectiveness of the recommendations varies from place to place with changes in natural resource and climate. Farmers are advised to use the information on their own responsibility. KVK Baramati shall not be responsible for any consequences.]
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hitech3273

60+ Contributor
jamkhed
Maharashtra
India

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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
thank you sir
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baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
Thank you
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dharwad

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Raichur
Karnataka
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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
Sir I have published a book under GOk project on POMEGRANATE in Kannada..You can get that copy from me .You send your correct address by phone message to my mobile number 9480366496.
By Dr.BENAGI.V.I.
Dean(Agri)
College of Agriculture ,Hanumanamatti
Dist;Haveri
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sanmanbhusari

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pandharpur
Maharashtra
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Re: Pomegranate Best Practices
   
What are the major diseases(pest,bacteria etc.) of the pomegranate.I would like to have information about it's visual symptoms with images of same as a example. thank you.
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