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psbhosle

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PARGAON KHANDALA
Maharashtra
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structure/shed of poultry farm
   

Dear sir,

I want to open poultry farm for 1000 or 3000 birds for that please provide me map/structure or shed and size of farm.

And also provide me direction (on which direction i can build structure ) i.e.north/east/west or east that will be helpful for taking care birds from wind.

Please kindly issue me above information.

Thanking you

Prakash


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baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
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Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   

In this question it has not cleared that which kind of Poultry farming do you want to start as there are two types of farming- Layer & Broiler farming.Layer are reared mostly in Cage system and broilers are reared in Deep Litter system.
So for that please mention types of poultry farming you chosen for poultry rearing.

Let see following information for details:-

Poultry housing systemsGenerally four systems of poultry housing followed among the poultry keepers. The type of housing adopted depends to a large extent on the amount of ground and the capital available.Types of poultry housing: 1.      Free – range or extensive system2.      Semi - intensive system3.      Folding unit system4.      Intensive systemA.     Battery systemB.     Deep litter systemFree-range system: It is the oldest one and has been used for centuries by general farmers, where there is no shortage of land. This system allows great but not unlimited, space to the birds on land where they can find an appreciable amount of food in the form of herbage, seeds and insects. Birds are protected from predatory animals and infectious diseases including parasitic infestation. At present due to advantages of intensive methods the system is almost obsolete.Semi-intensive system: Where the amount of free space available is limited this system is adopted, but it is necessary to allow the birds 20-30 square yards per bird of outside run. Wherever possible this space should be divided giving a run on either side of the house of 10-15 square yards per bird, thus enabling the birds to move onto fresh ground.Folding-unit system: This system of housing is an innovation of recent years. In portable folding units birds being confined to one small run, the position is changed each day, giving them fresh ground and the birds find a considerable proportion of food from the herbage are healthier and harder. For the farmer the beneficial effects of scratching and manuring on the land is another side effect.The most convenient folding unit to handle is that which is made for 25 hens. A floor space of 1 square foot should be allowed for each bird in the house, and 3 square feet in the run, so that a total floor space to the whole unit is 4 square feet per bird, as with the intensive system.A suitable measurement for a folding house to take 25 birds is 5 feet wide and 20 feet long, the house being 5’ x 5’, one-third of the run. The part nearest the house is covered in and the remaining 10’ open with wire netting sides and top.Disadvantages ·         The food and water must be carried out to the birds and eggs brought back. ·         There is some extra labour involved in the regular moving of the fold units.Intensive System: This system is usually adopted where land is limited and expensive. In this system the birds are confined to the house entirely, with no access to land outside. This has only been made possible by admitting the direct rays of the sun on to the floor of the house so that part of the windows are removable, or either fold or slide down to permit the ultraviolet rays to reach the birds. Under the intensive system, Battery (cage system) and Deep litter methods are most common. A.     Battery system. This is the most intensive type of poultry production and is useful to those with only a small quantity of floor space at their disposal. In the battery system each hen is confined to a cage just large enough to permit very limited movement and allow her to stand and sit comfortably. The usual floor space is 14 x 16 inches and the height, 17 inches. The floor is of standard strong galvanised wire set at a slope from back to the front, so that the eggs as they are laid, roll out of the cage to a receiving gutter. Underneath is a tray for droppings. Both food and water receptacles are outside the cage.Many small cages can be assembled together, if necessary it may be multistoried. The whole structure should be of metal so that no parasites will be harbored and thorough disinfection can be carried out as often as required. Provided the batteries of cages are set up in a place which is well ventilated, and lighted, is not too hot and is vermin proof and that the food meets all nutritional needs, this system has proved to be Advantages: ·         Remarkably successful in the tropical countries. ·         It requires a minimum expenditure of energy from the bird as they spend all time in the shade.·         It lessens the load of excess body heat. ·         The performance of each bird can be noted and culling easily carried out. Deep litter system: In this system the poultry birds are kept in large pens up to 250 birds each, on floor covered with litters like straw, saw dust or leaves up to depth of 8-12 inches. Deep litter resembles to dry compost. In other words, we can define deep litter, as the accumulation of the material used for litter with poultry manure until it reaches a depth of 8 to 12 inches. The build-up has to be carried out correctly to give desired results, which takes very little attention.Suitable dry organic materials like straw (needs to be cut into 2 or 3 inch lengths), saw dust, leaves, dry grasses, groundnut shells, broken up maize stalks and cobs, bark of trees in sufficient quantity to give a depth of about 6 inches in the pen should be used. The droppings of the birds gradually combine with the materials used to build up the litter. In about 2 months, it has usually become deep litter, and by 6 months it has become built-up deep litter. At about 12 months of old stage it is fully built up. Extra litter materials can be added to maintain sufficient depth.The deep litter pen should be started when the weather is dry, and is likely to remain so for about 2 months for the operation of the bacterial action, which alters the composition of the litters. Start new litter with each year’s pullets and continue with it for their laying period.Advantages of Deep Litter System: ·         Birds and eggs are safety as enclosed in deep litter intensive pen, which has strong wire netting or expanded metal. ·         Built-up deep litter also supplies some of the food requirements of the birds. They obtain "Animal Protein Factor" from deep litter. ·         The level of coccidiosis and worm infestation is much lower with poultry kept on good deep litter than with birds (or chicken) in bare yards. Well managed deep litter kept in dry condition with no wet spots around waterer has a sterilising action. ·         With correct conditions observed with well managed litter there is no need to clean a pen out for a whole year; the only attention is the regular stirring and adding of some material as needed.·         Generally 35 laying birds can produce in one year about 1 tonne of deep litter fertilizer. The level of nitrogen in fresh manure is about 1%, but on well built-up deep litter it may be around 3% nitrogen (nearly 20% protein). It also contains about 2% phosphorus and 2% potash. Its value is about 3 times that of cattle manure.·         It is a valuable insulating agent, the litter maintains its own constant temperature, so birds burrow into it when the air temperature is high and thereby cool themselves. Conversely, they can warm themselves in the same way when the weather is very cool. Basic Rules for deep litter system: ·         Do not have too many birds in the pen – one bird for every 3 ½ to 4 and preferably 5 square feet of floor space.·         Provide sufficient ventilation to enable the litter to keep in correct condition.·         Keep the litter dry. This is probably the master work in a deep litter system. If the litter gets soaked by leaking from roofs or from water vessels, it upsets the whole process and would have to start over again. All probable precautions should be taken to maintain the litters completely dry.·         Stir the litter regularly. Turning the litter (just like digging in a garden) at least once weekly is very important in maintaining a correct build-up of deep litter.

 


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[Edit 1 times, last edit by baramati at Jan 31, 2009 10:09:02 AM]
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psbhosle

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PARGAON KHANDALA
Maharashtra
India

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Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   

Dear sir,

I want to open broiler poultry farm for 1000 or 3000 birds for that please provide me map/structure or shed and size of farm.

Please mention the approximant estimate cost.Please kindly issue me above information.

Thanking you

Prakash


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baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
India

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  Posts: 15632
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  Expert Name: Dr. D.P.Bhoite
Phone Number: 02112-255207


Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   
Housing for Broiler poultry farm:-
1)Poultry housing should be nearer to market place as well as it is physiable to approach for Feed ,Medicine and chiks from outside .Also there should be facility of continous electricity and water suplly.Housing should be away from railway stationa or tracks,Urban cities or rural villages.There shouls not have heavy plantation nearby the poultry house as wild birds can spread endamic diseases.

Space requirement for poultry bird:-
These birds require requires sufficient space for good growth by getting required feed ,water and ventilation.
If space for these birds will be less,problem of pecking may arise in future.Broler poultry is generally reared on deep Litter system.
 

Sr.no

Age (Weeks)Deep litter system
11 to 4 weeks05 sq.ft.
24 to 8 weeks0.75 sq.ft.
38 to 18 weeks1.5 sq.ft
4Above 18  weeks2.0 to 2.5 sq.ft.


Housing:-
Length of house has no limit but breadth has limitation.Poultry house having breadth of 30-35 feet is good for ventilation and cooloing of house.Foundation of of should be made by boulders and cement and should be firm..Flooring should be made of cement or tiles so that rodents may not able to make holes as well as it is easily cleaned.Dirction of poultry house should be East- West side in Length.Lateral walls should be at least 2feet height and above it there should be Wire net up to cement asbestos covered shhet.A lateral side height should be 8 feet & at middle side 12-15 feets .At both side overhang of cement asbestos sheet should be 4 feet so that rain water in rainy days can not enter in poultry shed.
 For details on poultry farming, you may approach to following address:-Dr. A. V. KhanvilkarDEPARTMENT OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT KNP College of Veterinary Science, Shirval, Phone No : 02169-244243
Email :
lpm.shirval@mafsu.in

 


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[Edit 2 times, last edit by baramati at Feb 2, 2009 4:37:17 PM]
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psbhosle

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PARGAON KHANDALA
Maharashtra
India

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Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   

Dear Sir,

 

Please issue Broiler Poultry Shed Map

 

 


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baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
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  Expert Name: Dr. D.P.Bhoite
Phone Number: 02112-255207


Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   
Please see the atachment given below.
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Poultry shed & eqipments.jpg (623122 bytes) (Download Count: 16050)
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Poultry shed -general view.jpg (606087 bytes) (Download Count: 14998)
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Poultry shed -general view.jpg
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[Edit 1 times, last edit by baramati at Feb 9, 2009 5:08:00 PM]
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psbhosle

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PARGAON KHANDALA
Maharashtra
India

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Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   
Please issue poultry shed for PDF file & Development for approximant Cost
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baramati

Certifed Expert
Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
India

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  Expert Name: Dr. D.P.Bhoite
Phone Number: 02112-255207


Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   
It is not possible us to send structure in PDF file.Also the cost of construction is differ from place to place so for that it is better to approach to civil engineer in your area for better information.
I have already told you to go to nearest veterinary college in your area ( only 5 km away from Pargaon Khandala) & meet to poultry experts there
For details on poultry farming, you may approach to following address:-Dr. A. V. Khanvilkar
DEPARTMENT OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
KNP College of Veterinary Science, Shirval,
Phone No : 02169-244243
Email : lpm.shirval@mafsu.in
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gemini

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visakhapatnam
Andhra Pradesh
India

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Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   
Dear Sir,

We are planning to start broiler farm 10000 Birds. For that we are planning to made our own feed for starter and finisher.
Can you please help us to better formula and making process for broiler feed.

Which one is better pillet feed are mash feed for broiler. We are very thankful to if you provide these information.

with best regards,
gemini
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baramati

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Baramati, Pune Dist
Maharashtra
India

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  Posts: 15632
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  Expert Name: Dr. D.P.Bhoite
Phone Number: 02112-255207


Re: structure/shed of poultry farm
   

Feed formulation is depends on requirement of birds as well as nutrients contant i that perticular ingradient in feed.So it is better if you approach to Animal Nutrition scientist in the colleges of veterinary sciences in your state or scientist from Krishi vigyan Kendra in AP.


Pelleted feed is better that mesh feed as pelleted feed is made in high temperature which kills infective organisms like Salmonella which many time affect to birds through animal feed ingradients used in feed .

 

[Above information is based on recommendations from National Agriculture Research System. The Effectiveness of the recommendations varies from place to place with changes in natural resource and climate. Farmers are advised to use the information on their own responsibility. KVK Baramati shall not be responsible for any consequences.] 

 


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